The Indian penal code was developed in 1860 with inspiration from British India. Any lack of rehabilitation was successfully made up for by the “Children’s Act” that followed and the Juvenile Acts that followed, up until the “Apprentice Act of 1950,” which appeared to acknowledge the fragile position of youngsters in a society that was becoming more separated. The law concerning juvenile offences has been effective up to the extent of any lack of rehabilitation, nonetheless. This law was later replaced by the Reformatory Schools Act, 1897[i], which states that children up to the age of 15 may be transferred to a reformatory cell.
[i] “Reformatory Schools Act, 1897 [Act VIII of 1897]”